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英语

英汉对照初中英语阅读:乌鸦和他的3个朋友【3】

时间:2018/8/5 5:57:30  作者:和平鸽  来源:古朴网原创  查看:0  评论:0
Up jumped the deer without waiting to see what became of the tortoise, and sped away like the wind. The hunter rushed after him, and the two were soon out of sight. The tortoise, whose armor had saved him from being hurt by his fall, was indeed pleased when he saw little Hiranya running towards him. "Be quick, be quick!" he cried, "and set me free." Very soon the sharp teeth of the mouse had bitten through the meshes of the net, and before the hunter came back, after trying in vain to catch the deer, the tortoise was safely swimming across the river, leaving the net upon the ground, whilst the crow and the mouse were back in the shelter of the forest.

"There's some magic at work here," said the hunter when, expecting to find the tortoise where he had left him, he discovered that his prisoner had escaped. "The stupid beast could not have got out alone," he added, as he picked up the net and walked off with it. "But he wasn't worth keeping anyhow."

That evening the four friends met once more, and talked over all they had gone through together. The deer and the tortoise were full of gratitude to the mouse, and could not say enough in his praise, but the crow was rather sulky, and remarked: "If it had not been for me, neither of you would ever have seen Hiranya. He was my friend before he was yours."

"You are right," said the tortoise, "and you must also remember that it was my armor which saved me from being killed in that terrible fall."

"Your armor would not have been of much use to you, if the hunter had been allowed to carry you to his home," said the deer. "In my opinion you and I both owe our lives entirely to Hiranya. He is small and weak, it is true, but he has better brains than any of the rest of us, and I for one admire him with all my heart. I am glad I trusted him and obeyed him, when he ordered me to pretend to be dead, for I had not the least idea how that could help the tortoise."

"Have it your own way," croaked the crow, "but I keep my own opinion all the same. But for me you would never have known my dear little Hiranya."

In spite of this little dispute the four friends were soon as happy together as before the adventure of the tortoise. They once more agreed never to part and lived happily together for many years, as they had done ever since they first met.                          【end】
 

 

  鹿没等着看乌龟的样子就跳了起来,像风一样疾驰而去。猎人追上他,两人很快就看不见了。乌龟的盔甲使他免于跌倒受伤,当他看到little Hiranya向他跑来时,他真的很高兴。快点,快点!”他叫道:“放我。”很快,老鼠的尖牙咬过网的网,猎人回来之前,徒劳地抓鹿,乌龟安全地游过河去,把网留在地上,乌鸦和老鼠也在一起。回到森林的庇护所。

“这里有一些魔法,”猎人说,当他想找到乌龟离开他的地方时,他发现他的犯人逃走了。“愚蠢的野兽不可能单独出来,”他补充道,一边拿起网,一边走开了。但他无论如何也不值得继续下去。”

那天晚上,四个朋友又见面了,并一起讨论了他们所经历的一切。鹿和乌龟都对老鼠充满感激之情,在赞美上说不出话来,但乌鸦却很愠怒,说:“如果不是我,你们谁也没见过Hiranya。”他是我的朋友,在他之前是你的。”

“你说得对,”乌龟说,“你还必须记住,是我的盔甲救了我,使我免于在那次可怕的摔跤中丧生。”

“如果猎人被允许带你去他家,你的盔甲就不会对你有用了。”鹿说。依我看,你和我都把我们的一生都归功于Hiranya。他又小又弱,这是真的,但他的头脑比我们其他人都好,我一个人佩服他。我很高兴我相信他,服从了他,当他命令我假装死的时候,因为我一点也不知道如何帮助乌龟。

“别管闲事,”乌鸦呱呱叫,“但我还是坚持自己的意见。但对我来说,你永远不会知道我亲爱的小Hiranya。”

尽管这一点小小的争执,四位朋友很快就和乌龟的冒险一样快乐起来。他们再一次同意永不分开,一起幸福地生活了许多年,就像他们第一次见面时所做的那样。
       【完】

How to be a positive thinking person     如何做一个积极正面思考的人
Positive thinking is a significant element of happiness. In order to become a positive thinker, determination and consistency are important. The first thing to know about positive thinking is that everyone can do it. With certain cognitive and behavioral modifications, we can all become positive thinkers. Another important factor is that being a positive thinker does not mean you become numb to anything that is not working properly in your life or is negative — it just means that you approach life and face challenges with a healthier outlook.
正面思考是幸福的重要组成部分。要想成为一个积极的思考者,决心和毅力必不可少。首先你要知道,每个人都能成为积极思考者。只要改善一定的认知和行为,我们都可以做到。另外一个很重要的因素就是:你不需要对那些不是很完美的事情麻木不仁或是带有悲观的色彩——只是说人生和挑战你都要积极的对待。
To become a positive thinker, these may help you:
要想成为一个积极的思考者,下面这些也许能帮到你:
1. Change your self-monitoring:
改变自我监督 
Instead of selectively attending to negative events, focus on the positive ones. Then pay attention to the delayed consequences of your behavior rather than the immediate ones. For example, if a job is not going like you want, focus on the fact that you have a job and how you can take your time to make the situation better.
与其选择做那些消极的事情,不如集中做些积极的吧。然后看看你的行为之后的效果。不是立竿见影的那种。比如,如果工作不是很喜欢,就记住你有一份工作的事实,专注如何能把情况变得好点。
2. Change your self-evaluation:
改变自我评价: 
Challenge any inaccurate internal attributions and see if you compare your behavior to standards that are excessively rigid and perfectionistic. If so, change these and be reasonable with your comparisons. For example, if you constantly compare your weaknesses with other peoples' strengths, then switch this and compare yourself with those who are doing poorer than you as well. Overall, people who focus more on their strengths than their weaknesses but at the same time are aware of their weaknesses have a healthier self-evaluation result.
探究那些内部失败的原因,看看自己的行为是否是没有达到严格完美的标准。如果是,就改掉那些标准,接受自己目前的不足。比如如果你总是把自己的缺点和别人的优点作比较,那么换一下,也和那些做的没有你好的人比一比吧。一般来说,人们都会更关注他们的强项而非弱点,但同时他们也会意识到缺点会有更健康的自我评价结果。

3. Change your self-reinforcement:
改变自我奖励机制: 
If you have low rates of self-reward and high rates of self-punishment when it comes to certain aspects of your life, then you want to modify this. For example, think more of how far you've come, how hard you've worked, acknowledge yourself for it and then see how much further you want to go.
如果你对自己奖励很少惩罚很多,而这似乎已成为一种惯性时,是时候改变一下了。比如,多想想你已经达到哪些成就,多么努力地工作,奖励一下自己,然后看看你还能走多远。
 

4. Draw conclusions with evidence:
根据事实得出结论: 
Look at the evidence, look at the events, look at patterns and don't base your conclusions on assumptions. For example, don't just assume someone will cheat you because they look like or in some ways act like an ex you didn't get along with. Look at other elements to see if there is any evidence for your assumption.
根据事实得出结论:看看事实,看看事件,看看形式,千万别把结论基于猜想上。比如,不要因为某些人看起来像在骗你或是表现的让你觉得不怎么舒服,就认为他们的确在骗你。看看有没有其他证据能证实你的观点吧。

 
5. Don't be that individual:
别把事情过分个人化: 
The majority of how people interact with you is due to their own personality, strengths, and baggage and does not have as much to do with you. Pay attention to how to differentiate between different interaction signals. For example, instead of immediately getting frustrated because the waitress was a little late attending to you, think that maybe she is having a really tough day or too may tables to take care of.
大部分时候人们如何和你交往都取决于他们的个性、能力和精神状态,和你其实没多大关系。注意如何区分不同的交际信号。比如,与其为迟来的服务生感到生气,不如换位思考,想想他今天心情不好,或者实在是太忙了吧。
6. Don't do “either/or” thinking:
别做选择题 
Black and white thinking based on perfectionistic thought is counterproductive. Every time a thought pops up and has words like “should” or “must,” challenge it. For example, instead of saying “this should be done this way,” say something like, “I prefer it this way but I am sure there are other ways to do and am willing to be open.
基于完美的非黑即白想法反而会让你达不到预期的效果。每次出来一个想法,有着类似于“应该”“必须”这样的字眼,那么不妨改变一下吧。比如与其说“应该这么去完成”,不如说“我喜欢这个方法,但是我觉得肯定会有更好的方法能达到我们预期的效果。”

7. Don't do emotional reasoning:
不要太情绪化 
This is a belief based on feeling alone without any rational thinking behind it. For example, you don't like such and such but you don't have any logical reason for not liking them.
冲动是魔鬼,这句话的确是是真理。例如,你总是没来由的不喜欢一些东西。
8. Challenge your “what if” thoughts:
改变那些“假使……”的想法: 
When faced with too much fear about a situation, imagine the worst case scenario and visualize a solution for it, then let go of fear. This way, you will be prepared for anything and your fear would not block you from being open and creative to different solutions. For example, if you are constantly worried about losing your job up to a point where it is creating a lot of anxiety and fear and is effecting your performance and your happiness negatively, then think of losing your job, visualize how you will handle it, find solutions in your mind and then let go of the thought and the fear attached to it.
遇到太多的恐慌,想想最糟糕的的情况吧,设想一下那样的场景,然后把恐惧丢到脑后。这样你就算是做足了准备,恐惧感也不会再阻碍到你对于不同情景的创造力。例如,如果你总是担心失业,十分的焦虑和害怕,甚至影响到了你的表现和幸福,那么就想想如果你真的失业了,你会如何处理,自己想一想解决方案,然后就果断抛弃这些消极的想法和恐惧吧。
At the end, positive thinkers are better problem solvers and have better interactions. In addition to that, people who are positive thinkers are happier and more satisfied with their life.
最后,积极思考者都更善于解决问题,更好的与人交际。除此之外,那些积极思考者会更开心更知足。

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